29 Nov

Systematic & Unsystematic Risk | CA Final SFM

All investments are subject to risk. It is generally believed that investors are rewarded for taking risk. However, some risk is not rewarded. Investors need to control or eliminate risks for which they are not rewarded from their investment portfolio. Investment risks can be placed into two broad categories: unsystematic and systematic risks. Unsystematic risk (also called diversifiable risk) is risk that is specific to a company.

Diversifiable risk (also known as unsystematic risk) represents the portion of an asset’s risk that is associated with random causes that can be eliminated through diversification. It’s attributable to firm-specific events, such as strikes, lawsuit, regulatory actions, and loss of a key account. Unsystematic risk is due to factors specific to an industry or a company like labor unions, product category, research and development, pricing, marketing strategy etc. There is no reward for taking on unneeded unsystematic risk. By diversifying, one can reduce unsystematic risk.

While the non-diversifiable risk (also known as systematic risk) is the relevant portion of an asset’s risk attributable to market factors that affect all firms such as war, inflation, international incidents, and political events. It cannot be eliminated through diversification and the combination of a security’s non-diversifiable risk and diversifiable risk is called total risk.


In other words Systematic risk is due to risk factors that affect the entire market such as investment policy changes, foreign investment policy, change in taxation clauses, shift in socio-economic parameters, global security threats and measures etc. Systematic risk is beyond the control of investors and cannot be mitigated to a large extent. In contrast to this, the unsystematic risk can be mitigated through portfolio diversification. It is a risk that can be avoided and the market does not compensate for taking such risks.


Latest Posts

Tips by CA Harish Wadhwani (Scored 93 marks in SFM)

Congratulations…!! CA Harish Wadhwani for scoring 93 marks in SFM (CA Final)

Securitization CA Final SFM (Strategic Financial Management)

Securitization CA Final SFM Securitisation a chapter in Strategic Financial Management (SFM). This is an important chapter from the CA Exam point of view as well. The concept has been explained with a comprehensive example, to make sure the concepts are very clear. It mainly talks about Debt Securitisation, Mortgage-Backed Securities, Securitisation Process, Credit Rating Continue reading

Things you should do before your CA Final Exams

Things you should do before your CA Final Exams Clearing CA Final Exam is clearly not a simple cake walk. You need to be extremely committed to attending your CA final coaching classes. As the subjects are numerous, you need to study your lessons as and when they’re taught your respective CA final Coaching class. Continue reading

CA Final SFM, quick preparation tips

CA final SFM has a few topics which carry a fine weight-age in each trial which are Foreign Exchange Risk Management, Capital Budgeting, Derivatives, and Portfolio Management. But in its place of starting with a topic keeping huge concepts start with a bit lighter note and extremely interesting niche i.e. Bold Valuation. Thereafter full acquisition Continue reading

Two Way Quotes | Forex | CA Final SFM

 A Two way Quote indicates a set of two different rates of exchange known as Bid Rate and Ask Rate. In a Two Way Quotes, the rate at which bank will buy the currency and the customer will sell the currency is known as Bid Rate. The rate at which bank will sell the Continue reading

What is an Exchange Rate | Direct Quote & Indirect Quote

 Exchange Rate A rate at which one currency can be exchanged with the other. It is a rate at which one currency expressed in terms of the other. It is a rate at which a currency can be bought or sold. Direct Quote & Indirect Quote

Corporate Valuation Basics | CA Final SFM

 Need for Corporate Valuation Along with the enterprise growth, number of stakeholders also grows. Presentation of annual financial statements becomes. Curiosity of the stakeholders to understand the ‘true worth’ of their enterprise becomes translated to the concept of ‘valuation’. The market analysts, financial intermediaries, and the academicians, also attempt to apply their valuation approaches Continue reading

Interest Rate Futures | Derivatives | CA Final SFM

 When Forward Interest Rate Agreements are regulated through the “Exchange”, it will become Interest Rate Futures. However, the mechanism of IRF is different from FRA. The system is designed in a manner that interest rate is made up as a marketable product. The following example, will clarify as to how interest rate futures are Continue reading